Tuesday, October 30, 2007
Sunday, October 28, 2007
Anniversary of the "No" commemorates Greek dictator Ioannis Metaxas's refusal of the ultimatum made by Italian dictator Mussolini on October 28, 1940. This ultimatum, which was presented to Metaxas by the Italian ambassador in Greece, Emanuele Grazzi, on October 28, 1940, at dawn (04:00 AM), after a party in the German embassy in Athens, demanded that Greece allow Axis forces to enter Greek territory and occupy certain unspecified "strategic locations" or otherwise face war. It was allegedly answered with a single word: "No". Most scholars dismiss the use of the word "Okhi" (= "NO")as an urban legend, claiming that the actual reply was the French phrase "Alors, c'est la guerre" ("Then it is war"). In response to Metaxas's refusal, Italian troops stationed in Albania, then an Italian protectorate, attacked the Greek border at 05:30 AM. Metaxas's reply marked the beginning of Greece's participation in World War II .
On the morning of October 28th the Greek population took to the streets, irrespective of political affiliation, shouting 'okhi'. From 1942, it was celebrated as Okhi Day.
The events of 1940 are commemorated every year with military and student parades. On every anniversary, most public buildings and residences are decorated with Greek flags.
Posted by Ioanna at 11:37 PM